ORGUT’s land sector practise operates worldwide with a focus on developing sustainable land administration, supporting sustainable land management, establishing and managing land management information systems and developing policy guiding land governance frameworks.
ORGUT builds sustainable land administration systems that secure land tenure and property rights. During the last years, ORGUT has carried out several project focused on systematic registration and regularisation including supporting the establishment of registration and recording systems. The demarcation of boundaries and mapping are core elements in these services including facilitation of conflict management and dispute resolution as for example in Ethiopia, Lesotho and Namibia.
Supporting sustainable, efficient and pro-poor use of land resources is emphasised in ORGUT’s work in the land sector. ORGUT supports governments in the development of land sector polices and the implementation of land reforms. At local levels, ORGUT provides services in regulating the use of land to prevent land-use conflict. In for example Tanzania, land resources are systematically assessed and comprehensive planning undertaken with stakeholders.
ORGUT supports donors in risk and impact analyses of large scale land acquisitions and investments in developing countries. Recognition and protection of land rights of the poor is a key determinant for positive outcomes of commercial land investments and ORGUT provides a range of measures to secure land rights and ensure pro-poor compensation systems.
Modern land administration systems require functioning and integrated information systems. In Ethiopia, ORGUT has developed a national strategy for ICT and software development for the land sector. Set up of document management and the formulation of digital archive strategies is an important tool for efficient land administration. ORGUT has been supporting for example the Ministry of Justice in Croatia with the setup of these systems. Also in other countries ORGUT has worked with development and implementation of modern electronic-based land information systems including both a land registration component and a cadastral component. ORGUT offers services in the development of national standards for rural land administration which includes the specification of national standards for rural land certification and embedding the LADM ISO 19152 standard.
ORGUT provides advice to governments in the development of land policies and procedural frameworks. In for example Namibia, ORGUT support policy development and implementation related to the verification, registration and investigation to improve the investment climate for communal lands and the administration and management of the commonage. Already in 1999 ORGUT supported the development of the Land Act in Tanzania.
ORGUT has a strong profile in capacity building and human resource development in the land sector. ORGUT provides training in land administration and also supports the establishment of higher education institutions in for example Ethiopia with the setup of the Institute of Land Administration at Bahir Dar University. The support is designed to meet the steadily increasing demand for competent national land surveyors and to strategically address the increased institutional capacity needs required for the development of a robust sector in the country. ORGUT provides ministries and agencies with comprehensive training programmes to strengthen the institutions in undertaking reform.