WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
In the developing world the population and economic growth put an increasing pressure on the water resources. This pressure is enhanced by the impacts of climate change on rainfall patterns and increased evaporation. The small holder farmers in the developing world are facing unpredictable climate patterns, threatening the traditional farming systems, decreasing crop yields and food security. ORGUT provides advices to farmers and water users’ associations on how to adjust to the issues relating to preparing and adapting to diminishing water resources and increasing unpredictability of climate. Climate change is predicted to manifest in different ways in different climatic zones within different countries– in some areas the rainfall increases during some months, in some areas the onset of rains moves to a different month, in some areas dry period becomes longer etc. ORGUT has experience of producing regional climate maps to support farmers in predicting the changes in monthly rainfall and evapotranspiration in medium and long term. But it is also necessary to investigate human pressure on water resources through generating rainfall-runoff models for selected catchment areas which incorporated information on water usage by farming, community water supply and industry to show the combined impact of climate change and increased human consumption.
ORGUT aims at transforming institutions into competent drivers of development. ORGUT works with, and through, existing public institutions rather than creating parallel structures. Practicing democratic governance and rule of law, coupled with a sound local and national development strategies aimed at exploiting local comparative advantages builds trust in public institutions and attracts investment. The resulting increase in local revenue reduces dependency on central government allocations that often ignore unique local opportunities and challenges. In the water sector ORGUT assists institutions to focus not only on increasing supply but also to prioritise resource regeneration, conservation and rainwater harvesting as well as community involvement. Cross-sector planning with agriculture, fisheries and industry stakeholders is encouraged and conflict resolution mechanisms between users are established. Complementary sanitation and hygiene campaigns are executed together with health sector authorities. Experts in hydrology, flood control, data collection, water related infrastructure or climate change mitigation complement long term advisors who often work at a central level with overall sector reform and sector wide approaches. After comprehensive institutional and legislation reviews, they share skills in restructuring, client oriented service delivery and effective management, human resource development, cross departmental planning, private sector involvement, outsourcing and procurement. New methods for oversight, performance monitoring and financing through trust funds or community development funds are introduced. ORGUT offers services for strategic projects but also has expertise available for fast track support for water sector institutions in a reform environment.